Every host (workstation or node) on an IP network requires a unique IP address for each network interface. This address is a software address that is used to identify both the network and specific hosts that are located on that network. It is possible for a host to query a server for a dynamic IP address each time the device boots up (for example, using DHCP and BOOTP).
An IP address contains four bytes of information, divided into sections that each contain one byte. The IP address has the following format:
When assigning IP addresses, always consult the IP address administrator. Setting the wrong address can disable other equipment operating on the network or interfere with communications.